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The global effects of HIV(1) and AIDS(2) are staggering.  Since the discovery of HIV and AIDS in 1981 and the end of 2005, more than 25 million people had died of AIDS.  The epidemic has significantly impacted the physical, emotional and financial well-being of many individuals, communities and nations.  In 1990, 8 million people were estimated to be living with HIV.  By the end of 2005, this figure had risen to 38.6 million.  Approximately 63% of those living with HIV were situated in Sub-Saharan Africa.  Women were reported to constitute 45% of all adults living with HIV worldwide but accounted for 59% of infected women in Sub-Saharan Africa at the close of 2005.  This Sub-Saharan region was also home to 80% of the 15 million AIDS orphans(3).  Young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 accounted for approximately 50% of all new HIV infections globally near the close of 2005 - approximately 6000 people in this age range became infected with HIV every day. The devastating consequences of the disease are apparent and the call to action is urgent.  The statistics below give an overview of the AIDS epidemic globally, regionally and specifically in the countries of Thailand and Tanzania where the Projects has two projects

 

GLOBAL HIV/AIDS ESTIMATES FOR THE END OF 2005

People living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

38.6 million

Adults(4) living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

36.3 million

Women living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

17.3 million

Children living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

2.3 million

People newly infected with HIV in 2005

4.1 million

AIDS deaths in 2005

2.8 million

 

REGIONAL HIV/AIDS ESTIMATES FOR END OF 2005

Region

Adults & Children
Living with HIV/AIDS

Adults & Children
Newly Infected

Adult
Prevalence
(15-49 yrs)

Deaths of Adults & Children

Sub-Saharan Africa

24.5 million

2.7 million

6.1%

2.0 million

North Africa
& Middle East

440,000

64,000

0.2%

37,000

Asia

8.3 million

930,000

0.4%

600,000

Oceania

78,000

7,200

0.3%

3,400

Latin America

1.6 million

140,000

0.5%

59,000

Caribbean

330,000

37,000

1.6%

27,000

Eastern Europe & Central Asia

1.5 million

220,000

0.8%

53,000

North America + West & Central Europe

2.0 million

65,000

0.5%

30,000

GLOBAL TOTAL

38.6 million

4.1 million

1.0%

2.8 million

 

HIV/AIDS ESTIMATES FOR THAILAND & TANZANIA AT THE END OF 2005

 

Thailand

Tanzania

Population of Country

64.2 million

36.5 million

People living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

580,000

1.4 million

Adults living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

560,000

1.29 million

Women living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

220,000

710,000

Children living with HIV/AIDS in 2005

16,000

110,000

AIDS deaths in 2005

21,000

140,000

Estimated adult HIV prevalence at end of 2005

1.4%

6.5%

Footnotes

  1. HIV is an acronym for human immunodeficiency virus.
  2. AIDS is an acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.  The term AIDS applies to the most advanced stages of HIV infection.
  3. Children orphaned by AIDS are defined as people aged under 18 who are alive and have lost one or both parents to AIDS.
  4. Adults are defined as men and women aged 15 or above, unless specified otherwise.

Sources
The above noted statistics on the world epidemic of HIV & AIDS were published by UNAIDS/WHO in May 2006 - UNAIDS/WHO 2006 Report on the global AIDS epidemic and were taken from the web site www.avert.org. This website was accessed on September 5, 2006.

All statistics on this page should be interpreted with caution as they are estimates.

 
 
 
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site by Azimuth
Photography by Harry Bohm